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Martin Luther King Jr
Partner of 
Martin Luther King Jr

Leader in the African American Civil Rights Movement
Martin Luther King Jr

Martin Luther King Jr

Age

39

Born

15 Jan 1929

Died

4 Apr 1968

Martin Luther King Jr Bio Details

Full name

Martin Luther King Jr

Also known as

Michael King Jr

Gender

Male

Age

39

Date of birth

15 Jan 1929

Birth place

Atlanta, Georgia, USA

Date of death:

4 Apr 1968

Place of death

On his hotel balcony, Lorraine Motel, Memphis, Tennessee, USA

Cause of death

Assassinated by James Earl Ray

Occupations

Minister (1948)

Pastor (1954)

Civil Rights Activist (1955)

President of The SCLC (1957)

Education

Morehouse College, Atlanta, Georgia, United States

Boston University, (BU) Boston, Massachusetts, United States

Martin King Sr changed his and his sons name from Michael to Martin in 1934 in tribute to a German theologian Martin Luther.

The Montgomery Bus Boycott

Martin was chosen to lead an African American bus boycott that lasted 381 days. In December 1955 Rosa Parks was arrested for refusing to move from her seat so that a white man could sit. In 1956 the US supreme court ruled that the Montgomery's bus policy for segregation was unconstitutional. Martin became famous throughout America. During the campaign Martin was tutored in Gandhi's non-violent resistance (NVR)

The Birmingham Campaign

In 1963, Birmingham, Alabama, he staged a programme of boycotts, resulting in Martin being jailed. From his cell he wrote an open letter which became one of the most important texts of the Civil Rights Movement. It's used today in school curriculums. Unlike some previous programmes, this one was highly televised and the authorities used violence to break up the protests. This gained public support and resulted in an invite to the White House where President Kennedy endorsed his cause. 

I Have a Dream

28th August 1963 at the Lincoln Memorial, over 200,000 people came to watch Martin give a speech for a vision of Freedom.  It is regarded as one of the finest speeches in the history of America. On the steps where Martin stood is now memorial plaque. It has been reported that a volunteer security guard, George Raveling was handed the speech at the event and still has it despite being offered $3m.

The Dream

I have a dream that one day this nation will rise up and live out the true meaning of its creed - we hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men are created equal.
I have a dream that one day on the red hills of Georgia the sons of former slaves and the sons of former slave-owners will be able to sit down together at a table of brotherhood.
I have a dream today!
I have a dream that one day, down in Alabama, with its vicious racists, with its governor having his lips dripping with the words of interposition and nullification; one day right there in Alabama little black boys and little black girls will be able to join hands with little white boys and white girls as sisters and brothers.
I have a dream today!
This is our hope. This is the faith that I will go back to the South with. With this faith we will be able to hew out of the mountain of despair a stone of hope.
With this faith we will be able to transform the jangling discords of our nation into a beautiful symphony of brotherhood. With this faith we will be able to work together, to pray together, to struggle together, to go to jail together, to stand up for freedom together, knowing that we will be free one day.
This will be the day, this will be the day when all of God's children will be able to sing with a new meaning: "My country, 'tis of thee, sweet land of liberty, of thee I sing. Land where my fathers died, land of the pilgrim's pride, from every mountainside, let freedom ring." And if America is to be a great nation, this must become true.
And so let freedom ring from the prodigious hilltops of New Hampshire. 
Let freedom ring from the mighty mountains of New York. 
Let freedom ring from the heightening Alleghenies of Pennsylvania! 
Let freedom ring from the snow-capped Rockies of Colorado. 
Let freedom ring from the curvaceous peaks of California. 
But not only that. 
Let freedom ring from Stone Mountain of Georgia. 
Let freedom ring from Lookout Mountain of Tennessee. 
Let freedom ring from every hill and every molehill of Mississippi, from every mountainside, let freedom ring!
And when this happens, when we allow freedom to ring, when we let it ring from every village and every hamlet, from every state and every city, we will be able to speed up that day when all of God's children, black men and white men, Jews and Gentiles, Protestants and Catholics, will be able to join hands and sing in the words of the old Negro spiritual: "Free at last! Free at last! thank God Almighty, we are free at last!"

Martin Luther King Jr Siblings

Alfred King

Brother

Christine Farris

Sister

Partners of 
Martin Luther King Jr

Coretta King

Married

4 children together

18 Jun 1953

Martin Luther King Jr Children

Martin Luther King Jr Partner(s) Other Children

Yolanda King

with Coretta King

Martin Luther Kings Daughter

Martin Luther King III

born 1957, age 59
with Coretta King

Martin Luther Kings Son

Dexter King

born 1961, age 55
with Coretta King

Martin Luther Kings Son

Bernice King

born 1963, age 53
with Coretta King

Martin Luther Kings Daughter

Martin Luther King Jr Family

Martin Luther King Jr's parents:

Martin Luther King Jr's father is Martin King Sr Martin Luther King Jr's mother is Alberta King


Martin Luther King Jr's children:

Martin Luther King Jr's daughter is Yolanda King Martin Luther King Jr's son is Martin Luther King III Martin Luther King Jr's son is Dexter King Martin Luther King Jr's daughter is Bernice King


Martin Luther King Jr's current partners:

Martin Luther King Jr's wife was Coretta King


Martin Luther King Jr's siblings:

Martin Luther King Jr's brother was Alfred King Martin Luther King Jr's sister is Christine Farris


Martin Luther King Jr's grandparents:

Martin Luther King Jr's grandfather is Adam Williams Martin Luther King Jr's grandmother is Jenny Williams Martin Luther King Jr's grandfather is James King Martin Luther King Jr's grandmother is Delia King


Martin Luther King Jr's in laws:

Martin Luther King Jr's father in law is Obadiah Scott Martin Luther King Jr's mother in law is Bernice Scott Martin Luther King Jr's sister in law is Edythe Bagley


Martin Luther King Jr FameChain Links

Nobel Prize Award Winners

1964

Other people in this association:

President Barack Obama 2009

Nelson Mandela 1993

Sir Winston Churchill 1953

more...

Time Person of the Year

Other people in this association:

Adolf Hitler

President John F Kennedy 1961

HM Queen Elizabeth II of Great Britain

more...

Civil Rights Leaders

Other people in this association:

Mahatma Gandhi

Nelson Mandela 1944 - 2004

Kasturba Gandhi

more...